Bangladesh’s garment sector faces energy, demand crises | Business and Economy News


The world’s second-largest garment exporter is experiencing a slowdown that can threaten the nation’s financial restoration.

Bangladesh’s garment trade, the world’s No. 2 exporter after China, is going through a double whammy from slowing world demand and an power disaster at dwelling that’s threatening to thwart the nation’s pandemic restoration.

Plummy Fashions Ltd., a provider to PVH Corp., the mum or dad firm of style model Tommy Hilfiger, and Inditex SA’s Zara, noticed new orders in July drop 20% from a yr earlier, its Managing Director Fazlul Hoque mentioned.

“Retailers in each European and US markets are both deferring the shipments of completed merchandise or delaying orders, he mentioned in an interview. “As inflation is hovering in our export locations, it has a critical impression on us.”

Waning orders are a threat to the economic system, the place the garment trade makes up greater than 10% of gross home product and employs 4.4 million individuals. It couldn’t be occurring at a worse time for Bangladesh as authorities are resorting to productivity-killing energy cuts to protect gas reserves amid a region-wide power disaster, precipitated partially by the conflict in Ukraine.

“Uninterrupted power provide is the important thing to delivering merchandise in time,” Hoque mentioned. “We’re going through a mix of a number of issues at dwelling and overseas.

3-Hour Outages

Because the power disaster struck, the price of doing enterprise has surged. Commonplace Group Ltd., one of many main exporters that provides to Hole Inc. and H&M Hennes & Mauritz AB will depend on mills for no less than three hours a day to energy up its dyeing and washing models within the manufacturing hub of Gazipur on the outskirts of Dhaka.

“The price of electrical energy from mills is 3 times what we get from the nationwide grid as a result of diesel is expensive,” Atiqur Rahman, chairman of Commonplace, mentioned in a separate interview. “We will’t maintain our dyeing and washing models shut because of the energy outage. If we do, all of the materials will go to waste.”

Add to that’s the euro’s weak spot towards the greenback that’s eroding the enchantment of Bangladesh’s exports, that are priced in {dollars}.

“Clothes is a discretionary merchandise,” mentioned Charlie Robertson, world chief economist at Renaissance Capital. “In case your power invoice in Europe is capturing up, then individuals have to chop again on discretionary spending and garments might be a type of areas,” he mentioned.

Regional Contagion

Concern within the South Asian nation’s garment trade is harking back to canceled orders within the early days of the pandemic. Clothes exports fell to a five-year low of $27.95 billion within the fiscal yr to June 2020, earlier than staging a restoration. The nation noticed garment exports climb to a document $42.6 billion within the yr ended June, accounting for 82% of complete exports.

Exporters additionally see ominous indicators from Walmart Inc.’s full-year revenue forecast minimize and its pledge to scale back clothes costs.

And there’s a regional contagion impact from Sri Lanka, mentioned Robertson, pointing to Pakistan’s exports getting “a lot cheaper” due to its foreign money’s weak spot. “That provides to stress on Bangladesh and key export markets like Europe might be shopping for much less textiles” as gross sales progress takes successful.

Bangladesh has sought a mortgage from the Worldwide Financial Fund, the most recent South Asian nation to ask for help as costlier oil eats into the area’s greenback stockpiles.

International trade reserves in Bangladesh slipped to $39.79 billion as of July 13 from $45.33 billion a yr earlier. That’s sufficient to cowl roughly 4 months of imports, barely larger than the IMF’s beneficial three-month cowl. The nation’s commerce deficit widened to a document $33.3 billion within the fiscal yr ended June.

“We’ve simply recovered from the Covid pandemic after which got here the conflict,” mentioned Commonplace Group’s Rahman. “We’re simply unwitting victims.”

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