Islamic New Year and the different calendars around the world | Infographic News


The arrival of the brand new crescent moon marks the beginning of the 12 months 1444 on the Islamic lunar calendar.

July 30 is Islamic – or Hijri – New Yr’s Day and marks the beginning of the 12 months 1444.

The Hijri calendar, which comes from the Arabic phrase “hijra”, is called for the migration of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina greater than 1,400 years in the past.

The 12 Hijri calendar months are decided by the sighting of the brand new moon. The primary month is Muharram and the final is Dhul-Hijjah.

The Hijri calendar is used to mark essential dates for Muslims corresponding to the start of the fasting month of Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr on the finish of it, and the beginning of the Hajj pilgrimage and Eid al-Adha.

INTERACTIVE - WHAT IS THE ISLAMIC CALENDAR?
(Al Jazeera)

How previous are you based on the Hijri calendar?

A Hijri month alternates between 29 and 30 days. This makes a Hijri 12 months about 11 days shorter than the Gregorian, with one 12 months coming to 354-355 days.

So your Hijri age could also be totally different out of your Gregorian age. Right here’s the right way to calculate it:

  • Should you’re youthful than 16: Your Hijri age is identical as your Gregorian age
  • Should you’re between 16 and 48: Add one 12 months to your present Gregorian age
  • Should you’re between 49 and 81: Add two years to your age
  • Should you’re older than 81: Add three years to your age
INTERACTIVE - WHAT IS YOUR HIJRI AGE?
(Al Jazeera)

Different calendars around the globe

Many religions and cultures use calendars apart from the Gregorian – which is probably the most extensively used calendar right this moment.

The Gregorian calendar was launched in October 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII as a modification to the Julian calendar, named after Julius Caesar, chief of historical Rome.

The Gregorian and Julian calendars are each 12-month photo voltaic calendars primarily based on the time it takes the Earth to finish one revolution across the Solar – a bit greater than twelve months.

Different kinds of calendars embrace the lunar, lunisolar and stuck calendars.

A lunar 12 months is 12 lunar months, every measuring the time it takes the moon to go by its phases, i.e. new moon, half moon and full moon.

A lunar month is about 29.5 days lengthy and a lunar 12 months is roughly 354 days. Which means each 33 years, there’s a one-year lag between photo voltaic and lunar calendars.

A lunisolar 12 months incorporates each lunar and photo voltaic traits, the place the 12 months is split based on the phases of the moon, however adjusted to correlate with the photo voltaic cycle size. Lunisolar calendars embrace the Buddhist, Chinese language, Hindu, Jewish, Korean and Tibetan calendars.

INTERACTIVE - DIFFERENT TYPES OF CALENDARS
(Al Jazeera)

Different New Yr celebrations this 12 months

The next dates are some new years from totally different religions and cultures in 2022.

Gregorian New Yr – The Gregorian calendar begins on January 1 yearly and is at present within the 12 months 2022.

Lunar New Yr – Also referred to as Chinese language New Yr. This calendar makes use of a lunisolar system. The brand new 12 months is marked on January 22 and China normally celebrates for 15 days. 2022 within the Chinese language calendar is the Yr of the Canine.

Sikh New Yr – The Nanakshahi calendar derives its identify from the founding father of Sikhism, Guru Nanak. It’s a photo voltaic calendar and the brand new 12 months is marked on March 14.

Persian New Yr – Also referred to as Nowruz. The Persian calendar is photo voltaic, with the brand new 12 months starting on March 21.

Hindu New Yr – Is on April 1 and relies on the Vikram Samvat lunisolar calendar, which is used throughout the Indian subcontinent. It’s normally 57 years forward of the Gregorian calendar.

Thai New Yr – Also referred to as Songkran, that is the most important of Thailand’s annual festivals and is widely known on April 13 yearly. It follows a photo voltaic calendar system.

Jewish New Yr – The normal Jewish lunisolar calendar begins on Rosh Hashanah. This 12 months will probably be marked on September 25, nonetheless, the date varies based on the Jewish months.

INTERACTIVE - NEW YEARS AROUND THE WORLD
(Al Jazeera)



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