When Mexican police discovered a pile of about 150 skulls in a collapse 2012, they thought they had been taking a look at against the law scene.
When Mexican police discovered a pile of about 150 skulls in a cave close to the Guatemalan border, they thought they had been taking a look at against the law scene, and took the bones to the state capital.
It seems the invention in 2012 was a really chilly case.
It took a decade of assessments and evaluation to find out the skulls had been from sacrificial victims killed between 900 and 1200 AD, the Nationwide Institute of Anthropology and Historical past (INAH) mentioned on Wednesday.
“Believing they had been taking a look at against the law scene, investigators collected the bones and began analyzing them in Tuxtla Gutierrez,” (the Chiapas state capital), in keeping with an announcement by the INAH.
The border space across the Frontera Comalapa city in southern Chiapas state has lengthy been tormented by violence and immigrant trafficking.
Pre-Hispanic cranium piles in Mexico normally present a gap bashed by all sides of each cranium, and had been normally present in ceremonial plazas, not caves.
However consultants mentioned on Wednesday the victims within the cave had in all probability been ritually decapitated and the skulls placed on show on a sort of trophy rack referred to as a “tzompantli”.
Spanish conquistadores wrote about seeing such racks within the 1520s, and a few Spaniards’ heads even wound up on them.
Whereas normally strung on picket poles utilizing holes bashed by them — the widespread apply among the many Aztecs and different cultures — consultants say the cave skulls could have rested atop poles, quite than being strung on them.
Curiously, there have been extra females than males among the many victims, and none of them had any tooth.
In gentle of the cave expertise, archaeologist Javier Montes de Paz mentioned individuals ought to in all probability name archaeologists, not the police.
“When individuals discover one thing that may very well be in an archaeological context, don’t contact it and notify native authorities or instantly the INAH,” he mentioned.