Nobel winner Jose Ramos-Horta sworn in as East Timor president | Politics News

New president pledges to cut back poverty, enhance well being providers for moms and youngsters, and restore political stability.

Former independence fighter and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Jose Ramos-Horta was sworn in as president of East Timor forward of celebrations marking the twentieth anniversary of independence for Asia’s youngest nation.

Crowds cheered late Thursday night time as Ramos-Horta travelled by motorcade to parliament, the place a ceremony kicked off nationwide festivities commemorating East Timor’s 2002 independence from Indonesia, which invaded the previous Portuguese colony in 1975.

Ramos-Horta, 72, who led the resistance throughout Indonesia’s occupation, referred to as for nationwide reconciliation and unity as he took the oath of workplace shortly earlier than midnight native time  the time that the nation declared independence 20 years in the past.

“Immediately greater than ever, we should be totally conscious that solely in unity will be capable of obtain the event targets that we suggest,” Ramos-Horta stated.

The brand new president pledged to cut back poverty, enhance well being providers for moms and youngsters, and promote a dialogue to revive political stability. He stated he expects East Timor to grow to be the eleventh member of the regional bloc the Affiliation of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) within the subsequent two years.

Portuguese President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa and Indonesian Coordinating Minister of Political, Regulation and Safety Affairs Mohammad Mahfud had been amongst those that attended the inauguration.

Ramos-Horta defeated incumbent Francisco “Lu Olo” Guterres, his fellow independence fighter, in an April 19 election runoff.  Ramos-Horta, who was prime minister from 2006 to 2007 and president from 2007 to 2012, and Guterres have blamed one another for years of political paralysis in East Timor.

Dwelling in exile for nearly three a long time and returning to East Timor on the finish of 1999, Ramos-Horta was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1996, together with Bishop Carlos Felipe Ximenes Belo, in recognition of their work “towards a simply and peaceable resolution to the battle” within the nation.

“He is a good hero within the period of our wrestle for independence,” Aderito Herin Martins, a resident of the capital, Dili, stated of Ramos-Horta.

“Now it’s time for him to work on the vital problems with poverty and unemployment that also face our nation as he promised in his marketing campaign.”

East Timor’s transition to a democracy has been rocky, with leaders battling large poverty, unemployment and corruption because the nation continues to wrestle with the legacy of its bloody independence battle and bitter factional politics which have often erupted into violence.

The nation’s financial system is reliant on dwindling offshore oil revenues.

The United Nations estimates that almost half of East Timor’s inhabitants lives beneath the intense poverty line of $1.90 a day, and for each 1,000 infants born within the nation, 42 die earlier than their fifth birthday due to malnutrition.

Residents voted overwhelmingly for independence in a 1999 referendum held beneath UN auspices, regardless of widespread Indonesian intimidation and violence.

The vote had been unexpectedly supplied by an overconfident Indonesian authorities following a long-running however largely fruitless resistance wrestle. Indonesia’s navy responded to the referendum outcomes with a scorched-earth marketing campaign that left East Timor devastated. Australia spearheaded a UN navy mission to revive order from the chaos because the Indonesian forces left.

It took virtually three extra years for the half-island nation of simply over a million folks to grow to be an impartial and sovereign nation on Might 20, 2002.

Hassan Mohamud: The second coming of Somalia’s new president | Government

This Sunday, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud made historical past as the primary individual to be elected president twice in Somalia’s nascent democracy after a landslide victory towards the incumbent Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, aka Farmaajo.

In a contest of greater than 36 candidates, each males made it to the third spherical of what was arguably probably the most aggressive election within the nation’s historical past. Ultimately, 66-year-old Mohamud gained and can now pilot the affairs of the Horn of Africa nation for the subsequent 4 years.

In his first coming, Mohamud served from 2012 to 2017 as head of the Federal Authorities of Somalia, the primary authorities created after the top of an extended interval of turbulence that began in 1991.

The longstanding civil society activist and educationist had solely totally joined politics in 2011 when he based the Union for Peace and Growth Get together.

Formative years and profession

Born within the city of Jalalaqsi, within the central area of Hiiraan, Mohamud obtained an undergraduate diploma in know-how from the Somali Nationwide College within the capital metropolis of Mogadishu. He went on to get a grasp’s in technical schooling from Bhopal College in India and labored within the Somali schooling sector early on in his profession.

Within the Nineteen Nineties, he gained a wealth of expertise travelling by southern and central Somalia, selling youngsters’s schooling within the midst of raging violence.

All through the turmoil Somalia suffered in that interval, Mohamud remained within the nation, in contrast to quite a few Somali leaders who sought asylum abroad.

When United Nations peacekeeping forces, UNISOM, left the nation in 1995, he partnered with civil society teams to spearhead reconciliation efforts to convey the warring clan factions collectively.

He grew to become recognized regionally for his involvement in resolving these clan disputes and is remembered for the function he performed within the negotiations in 1997 that ended the period of the notorious “inexperienced line” that had separated north and south Mogadishu since 1992.

Mohamud was a part of a neighborhood committee that efficiently managed to reunify the town’s two halves, which had been managed by two highly effective rival clan strongmen – Mohamed Farah Aideed and Ali Mahdi Mohamed.

Mogadishu residents nonetheless bear in mind the so-called inexperienced line and the many individuals killed as they tried to cross it. “It was a dying zone,” Mohamed Ahmed, a 69-year-old father of 5, advised Al Jazeera.

“It lower off even shut members of the family however after the road was eliminated everybody celebrated, the town got here again to life and I bear in mind Hassan Sheikh Mohamud was one of many individuals who helped us resume our regular lives.”

In 1999, Mohamud helped set up the Somali Institute of Administration and Administration, which later grew to become one of many largest universities in Somalia.

Entry into politics

Mohamud shaped the Union for Peace and Growth Get together in 2011 and, as its chief, went on to problem transitional authorities President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed.

In 2012, he was elected the eighth president of the nation, working on a platform of a brand new federal Somalia with full diplomatic relations with the remainder of the world after three many years of conflict and successive transitional administrations.

His authorities inherited a number of duties, together with finishing the provisional structure, forming federal member states, combating al-Shabab – the al-Qaeda-linked armed group is combating to overthrow the federal government and implement its strict interpretation of Islamic regulation – and constructing a robust nationwide military that might make sure the nation’s safety.

However Mohamud was additionally capable of convey regional leaders collectively to construct consensus on essential nationwide points utilizing what he referred to as “nomad diplomacy” – the Somali cultural idea of elders sitting beneath bushes to resolve disputes, forgive each other and lead their clans to coexist peacefully – to resolve main variations

“Nomad diplomacy could be very clear, straight to the purpose and has no read-between-the-line points,” he mentioned in a 2013 TEDx Mogadishu promo video.

In September 2015, he established a nationwide consultative discussion board that introduced collectively leaders of regional member states to forge an inclusive electoral course of. The discussion board was additionally instrumental in reaching main political consensus till it was dissolved by his successor, Farmaajo, who defeated him within the 2017 election.

After peacefully handing over energy to Farmaajo, he continued lively within the nation’s politics and began constructing alliances to return to the presidency.

Accusations of corruption

Mohamud’s first administration confronted critical criticism, accused of rampant corruption, media restrictions and abuse of energy.

In a single occasion, the UN Monitoring Group accused the administration of giving weapons to clan militias and al-Shabab. The damning 2013 report significantly alleged a conspiracy between the president and a US regulation agency, Shulman Rogers, to “steal public funds”.

It mentioned the Maryland-based agency conspired to divert the restoration of abroad property belonging to the central financial institution of Somalia. The federal government denied the findings

Yussur Abrar, who was governor of the central financial institution on the time, resigned. She had solely been in her place for seven weeks however mentioned she couldn’t proceed due to corruption issues.

In her letter to Mohamud, she mentioned: “From the second I used to be appointed I’ve been constantly requested to sanction offers and transactions that will contradict my private values and violate my fiduciary accountability to the Somali individuals as head of the nation’s financial authority.”

Returning to the presidency

Within the final two years, Mohamud has been fiercely campaigning to unseat Farmaajo who the opposition accused of “taking the nation again to dictatorship”.

In his election manifesto, he promised to construct “Soomaali Heshiis ah, Dunidana Heshiis la ah” (a Somalia that’s at peace with itself and at peace with the world).

In his acceptance speech on Sunday after being declared the winner of an election that had been delayed for about two years, he spoke in a reconciliatory tone from inside a closely fortified tent in Mogadishu and promised to construct an inclusive authorities.

After being sworn in early on Monday, Mohamud stood subsequent to his predecessor and mentioned: “Our nation must go ahead, not to return … We are going to clear up our issues utilizing our current legal guidelines, let’s not dwell on yesterday however take into consideration tomorrow.”

However the subsequent 4 years shall be robust for the brand new chief who’s inheriting a trove of challenges together with the matter of al-Shabab, which has intensified its assaults and regained territories managed by the federal government in recent times.

He will even should construct belief in a rustic polarised by in-fighting between the federal and regional governments, in addition to deal with rising inflation and extreme drought that has effects on hundreds of thousands of Somalis throughout the nation.

Throughout his marketing campaign, he promised to run an inclusive authorities obedient to the rule of regulation and to drive financial reforms that can end in a self-sufficient Somalia capable of feed itself.

However that could be a tall order, analysts say.

“Hassan Sheikh is fortunate, he’s the primary Somali president that received a second probability,” mentioned Afyare Abdi Elm, govt director of the Mogadishu-based Heritage Institute for Coverage Research.

“He has ample expertise and glorious understanding of main points … [but] rather a lot will rely upon how he manages the competing and irreconcilable teams/pursuits, excessive expectations of the society that need companies, and useful resource mobilisation.”

Guinea Bissau president dissolves parliament in new political row | Politics News

The disagreements between parliament and the president centre across the immunity of opposition chief and lawmaker Domingos Simoes Pereira who misplaced to the president in 2019.

President Umaro Sissoco Embalo has dissolved Guinea-Bissau’s parliament and mentioned early parliamentary elections could be held this yr to resolve a long-running political disaster.

Tensions between parliament and the presidency have gripped the West African state for months.

Embalo cited “persistent and unresolvable variations” with parliament, which he described as “an area for guerrilla politics and plotting”, in a press release on Monday.

“This political disaster has exhausted the capital of belief between the sovereign establishments,” he mentioned. “I’ve determined to present the ground again to Guineans in order that this yr they will freely select the parliament they want to have.”

A presidential decree mentioned parliamentary elections could be held on December 18.

The previous Portuguese colony of about two million folks is notoriously unstable and has suffered 4 navy coups since 1974, most not too long ago in 2012.

In 2014, Guinea-Bissau determined to return to democracy, but it surely has loved little stability since and the armed forces wield substantial clout.

Eleven folks died in February in violence described as an tried coup.

Closely armed males attacked authorities buildings in Bissau whereas the president was chairing a cupboard assembly.

Embalo, in energy since 2019, later instructed reporters he had escaped the five-hour gun battle and described the assault as a plot to wipe out the federal government.

On February 10, Embalo mentioned a former head of the navy was amongst three males arrested over the assault – which he linked to the transatlantic drug commerce.

Guinea-Bissau is a hub for the trafficking of cocaine from Latin America into Africa.

Final week, Embalo sacked his financial system minister and quickly handed over his portfolio to the prime minister, a decree mentioned.

Victor Mandiga was changed “to ensure the common functioning of establishments”, it mentioned.

The eliminated minister had not too long ago objected to what he described because the finance ministry’s involvement in a few of his ministry’s affairs, and to the overseas ministry overseeing a brand new state secretariat for regional integration – one in every of his ministry’s obligations.

The disagreements between Embalo, 49, and parliament have centred on opposition chief Domingos Simoes Pereira, who misplaced to Embalo in a contested presidential election in 2019, and his parliamentary immunity.

Guinea-Bissau’s president and parliament have additionally clashed over the distribution of oil assets on the border with Senegal, a revision of the structure and a peacekeeping drive from West Africa’s regional bloc ECOWAS.

Monday’s presidential decree accused parliament of defending legislators suspected of involvement in corruption and refusing to adjust to checks of its accounts.

Somalia elects Hassan Sheikh Mohamud as new president | News

The sector of candidates has been whittled down from an extended checklist that featured 36 names within the first spherical of voting.

Hassan Sheikh Mohamud has been chosen as Somalia’s new president, 5 years after being voted out of the presidency, in keeping with information studies.

Mohamud gained the presidency for a second time following a long-overdue election on Sunday within the troubled Horn of Africa nation.

After a marathon ballot involving 36 candidates that was broadcast dwell on state TV, parliamentary officers counted over 165 votes in favour of former president Mohamud, greater than the quantity required to defeat the incumbent President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed.

The sector of candidates has been whittled down from an extended checklist that featured 36 names within the first spherical of voting.

Somalia has not held a one-person, one-vote election in 50 years. As an alternative, polls comply with a fancy oblique mannequin, whereby state legislatures and clan delegates choose lawmakers for the nationwide parliament, who in flip select the president. The third spherical of voting was determined by 328 legislators, and a easy majority was sufficient to decide on a winner.

Analysts had predicted that incumbent President Mohamed – who additionally is named Farmaajo due to his urge for food for Italian cheese -would face an uphill battle to be re-elected. No sitting president has ever gained re-election in Somalia, the place rival clans battle intensely for political energy.

Whereas Mohamed had made it to the third and remaining spherical, he was anticipated to face a powerful problem from the earlier president, Mohamud.

Legislators selected the nation’s subsequent president within the capital, Mogadishu, which was beneath lockdown measures aimed toward stopping lethal insurgent assaults.

Legislators in Somalia gather to elect new president | Elections News

Former Presidents Sharif Sheikh Ahmed and Hassan Sheikh Mohamud are the frontrunners amongst 35 candidates.

Somali parliamentarians met in a closely fortified airport hangar on Sunday to vote for a brand new president because the nation battles ongoing threats of violence and a serious meals disaster.

In a crowded area of 35 aspirants, former Presidents Sharif Sheikh Ahmed and Hassan Sheikh Mohamud had been the frontrunners, based on analysts, despite the fact that their rule didn’t stem corruption or a battle by armed teams.

The United Nations-backed vote was delayed by greater than a 12 months due to squabbling in authorities however have to be held this month to make sure a $400m Worldwide Financial Fund programme.

It takes place throughout the Horn of Africa nation’s worst drought in 4 many years and in opposition to a depressingly acquainted background of violence from assaults by al-Shabab, in-fighting amongst safety forces, and clan rivalries.

African Union (AU) peace keepers stand next to election banners of presidential candidates along a street in Mogadishu
African Union peacekeepers stand subsequent to election banners on a road within the capital Mogadishu [Hassan Ali Elmi/AFP]

On Wednesday, a suicide bombing claimed by al-Shabab wounded seven individuals throughout political rallies close to the hangar within the coastal capital Mogadishu. On Friday, fighters from an armed group battled authorities forces in Galmudug state.

There was a curfew throughout Mogadishu on Sunday, with streets quiet and retailers closed.

Although simply holding the vote was successful of types, many within the nation of 15 million individuals had been sceptical of actual progress. Main candidates had been previous faces recycled from the previous who had completed little to assist them, and such votes had been historically dominated by bribery, they complained.

Incumbent President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, nicknamed “Farmaajo” for his reputed love of Italian Formaggio cheese, seemed unlikely to be re-elected after dropping assist in final month’s parliamentary vote.

Lengthy course of

Voting can solely start as soon as two-thirds of the members of each homes of parliament are current, with the method anticipated to take a number of hours and stretch late into the night time.

4 candidates dropped out of the race on Saturday and extra are anticipated to take action throughout a number of rounds of voting, narrowing the choices till a winner is chosen.

The victor should safe a minimal of 184 votes.

Somalia has not held a one-person, one-vote election in 50 years.

As an alternative, polls comply with a posh oblique mannequin, whereby state legislatures and clan delegates decide lawmakers for the nationwide parliament, who in flip select the president.

UAE President MBZ meets Macron; world leaders offer condolences | News

Heads of state arrive within the United Arab Emirates following the demise of former chief Sheikh Khalifa and to satisfy new President Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

The UAE’s new President Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan met together with his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron as different world leaders proceed to reach in Abu Dhabi to pay tribute to his late brother, the previous ruler.

Macron, who was re-elected this month, expressed his condolences to Sheikh Mohammed following the demise of his half-brother Sheikh Khalifa, who died on Friday following a protracted sickness.

A number of Arab leaders together with Jordan’s King Abdullah II and Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi got here on Saturday to pay respects. Saudi Arabia’s crown prince, whose father King Salman entered hospital per week in the past, despatched a delegation.

The president of Israel, Isaac Herzog, was additionally due within the United Arab Emirates on Sunday, as was Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson.

A handout image provided by the UAE Ministry of Presidential Affairs shows Jordan's King Abdullah II (L) offering his condolences to Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed al-Nahyan (R)
Jordan’s King Abdullah II, left, presents condolences to Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan [Mohamed al-Hammadi/Ministry of Presidential Affairs via AFP]

United States President Joe Biden, whose administration has had fraught ties with the UAE and Saudi Arabia, can be represented by Vice President Kamila Harris, resulting from go to on Monday.

Sheikh Mohammed, the UAE’s longtime de facto ruler throughout Sheikh Khalifa’s sickness, was chosen to steer the desert state in a unanimous vote by leaders of the nation’s seven emirates on Saturday.

Typically recognized by his initials MBZ, he took a number one position after Sheikh Khalifa retreated from public view in 2014 when he had surgical procedure after a stroke. The reason for his demise was not introduced.

Each Macron and Johnson are making their second visits to Abu Dhabi in latest months. Johnson’s go to in March did not persuade the UAE and Saudi Arabia to pump extra oil after Russia’s struggle in Ukraine despatched markets into turmoil.

UAE relations with america have develop into strained beneath Biden, with the 2 sides at odds over Abu Dhabi’s shut ties with Russia and Washington’s reopening of nuclear talks with Iran, lengthy accused by Gulf states of making regional chaos.

The rich UAE has emerged as a frontrunner of a reshaped Center East, forging ties with Israel and becoming a member of a Saudi-led struggle in opposition to Iran-backed rebels in Yemen.

Putin tells Finnish president: Joining NATO would be ‘mistake’ | Energy News

The warning from Kremlin comes as Moscow cuts off its electrical energy provide to Finland following Helsinki’s plan to affix NATO.

Russia’s President Vladimir Putin has advised his Finnish counterpart that becoming a member of NATO can be “a mistake”, as Moscow lower off its electrical energy provide to the Nordic nation earlier – in what’s seen as retaliation for Helsinki’s strikes.

“Putin pressured that the top of the normal coverage of navy neutrality can be a mistake since there is no such thing as a menace to Finland’s safety,” the Kremlin stated in a press release on Saturday.

“Such a change within the nation’s political orientation can have a unfavorable impression on Russian-Finnish relations developed over years in a spirit of fine neighbourliness and cooperation between companions,” it stated.

The cellphone name, which was “initiated by Finland … was direct and simple and it was performed with out aggravations. Avoiding tensions was thought of vital,” Finnish President Sauli Niinisto was quoted as saying in a press release by his workplace.

Moscow’s February 24 invasion of Ukraine has swung political and public opinion in Finland and neighbouring Sweden in favour of NATO membership as a deterrent towards Russian aggression.

Niinisto, who has communicated repeatedly with Putin in recent times, stated the Nordic nation and eurozone member “desires to handle the sensible questions arising from being a neighbour of Russia in an accurate {and professional} method”.

Finnish Overseas Minister Pekka Haavisto underlined that it was “crucial that we talk with our neighbour”, even when “we don’t ask any permission for our political steps”.

People walk at the Helsinki Cathedral under a blue sky in the city center of Helsinki, Finland, Friday, May 13, 2022.
On Saturday, the Finnish grid operator stated that Russia has suspended electrical energy provides to Finland in a single day after its vitality agency RAO Nordic threatened to chop off provides over cost arrears [File: Martin Meissner/AP Photo]

Moscow has stated that it will “undoubtedly” see Finnish membership as a menace, warning that it will be “pressured to take reciprocal steps, military-technical and different, to deal with the ensuing threats”.

Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin stated on Saturday that her nation was “ready for various kinds of motion” from Moscow. “However there is no such thing as a data indicating Russia will provoke navy motion towards Finland,” she stated.

Russia suspends electrical energy provide to Finland

On Saturday, the Finnish grid operator stated that Russia has suspended electrical energy provides to Finland in a single day after its vitality agency RAO Nordic threatened to chop off provides over cost arrears.

“It’s at zero in the meanwhile, and that began from midnight as deliberate,” Timo Kaukonen, supervisor for operational planning at Fingrid, stated on Saturday.

However, Finland – which solely imports about 10 p.c of its energy from Russia – stated the shortfall was being made up by imports from Sweden.

RAO Nordic stated it has not been paid for electrical energy since Could 6 however has not spelled out if this was linked to European sanctions towards Russia.

After Finland’s NATO membership bid is formally introduced on Sunday, it will likely be mentioned by parliament on Monday.

Q&A: An ambitious attempt to be Somalia’s first female president | Elections News

This Sunday, Somalia is anticipated to carry its extremely anticipated and long-delayed presidential election as 39 presidential candidates jostle for the nation’s prime place.

A number of the contenders embrace the incumbent, two former presidents, the quick former prime minister and the president of the regional state of Puntland, joined the race.

Additionally within the race is Somalia’s solely feminine presidential candidate, Fowzia Yusuf Adam. She is a legislator and a well known girls’s rights advocate who made historical past because the nation’s first feminine deputy prime minister and feminine overseas affairs minister.

Somali lawmaker and presidential candidate Fawzia Yusuf H. Adam sits in her office in Mogadishu
Somali lawmaker and presidential candidate Fowzia Yusuf H Adam sits in her workplace in Mogadishu, Somalia Saturday, July 17, 2021 [Farah Abdi Warsameh/AP Photo]

The train was scheduled to occur greater than a yr in the past however couldn’t, as a consequence of a protracted political disaster and raging insecurity being spearheaded by al-Qaeda-linked armed group, al-Shabab.

It’s now occurring towards the backdrop of a Could 17 deadline by donors just like the Worldwide Financial Fund for the Horn of Africa nation to place in place a authorities or lose funding.

However no votes can be solid by the Somali folks. Within the nation’s distinctive electoral system, every clan respectively elects their members of parliament and thus makes the nation maintain its oblique presidential election.

In all, parliament has 329 members, with 54 of these within the Senate. The Senate members signify the 5 regional states and are elected by provincial legislators whereas the opposite lawmakers are elected by delegates appointed by clan elders and members of civil society. They collectively elect the president who leads the nation for 4 years.

There are a couple of exceptions however Somali girls hardly get into politics or maintain prime public workplace, given cultural restrictions in what stays a deeply conservative society.

However Fawzia, the nation’s first-ever feminine deputy prime minister and overseas affairs minister between November 2012 to January 2017, needs to show that improper. She is competing with 38 males.

Al Jazeera spoke to Fowzia Yusuf.

Al Jazeera: What inspired you to hitch the Somalia presidential race?

Yusuf: The reason being that, since I used to be deputy prime minister, performing prime minister and even overseas [affairs] minister, I believed I might do extra If I went for the highest job. I realised that I couldn’t make any tangible achievement until I intention for the highest job.

I used to be additionally inspired by the limitless struggle in Somalia and the shortage of fine public providers to the folks.

I additionally realised the hardship Somali girls, youngsters and refugees face. I’m so motivated that different international locations have progressed properly, and we’re nonetheless battling struggle, but we’ve sufficient pure assets to prosper.

Al Jazeera: What are your plans in your presidency?

Yusuf: If allowed to guide Somalia, I’ll strengthen the rule of legislation, full the draft structure and strictly observe it. I’ll implement true reconciliation throughout the nation. Rebuilding the Somali nationwide military and well timed offering their rights and want for peace and safety is the important thing to stability.

My utmost precedence is to revive the nation’s economic system by growing the Infrastructural and industrial sector since Somalia has Africa’s longest coast sea. My nation has financial assets, together with agriculture, fishing and livestock. I’ll modernise them to combat poverty and create employment for the general public in order that they will pay taxes.

Abandoning the clan-based system for a correct democratic course of can also be my ambition.

Relating to public providers, I’ll present free healthcare and training to the general public throughout the nation. Above all, the combat towards corruption and prioritising girls’s and kids’s wants would be the hearts of every part in my administration.

Al Jazeera: What do you assume has gone improper with Somalia?

Yusuf: Often, civil struggle occurs in lots of elements of the world, however the principle downside in Somalia is that there was no true reconciliation within the nation after the civil struggle, and that gave the terrorist organisation an opportunity to do what they wished. The absence of an precise democratic course of has considerably contributed to the instability in Somalia.

Al Jazeera: At present, drought and local weather change points are affecting Somalia. How do you propose to resolve this?

Yusuf: My understanding is that deforestation is the principle motive for Somalia’s drought and local weather change. I’ll develop a strict coverage to deal with environmental destruction if given an opportunity. Cloud seeding is a contemporary manner of addressing the drought and is one in every of my methods in locations. I’ll modernise the agricultural and livestock sector to offer sufficient meals for the folks.

Al Jazeera: What about addressing the matter of insecurity, which has been the first problem in Somalia?

Yusuf: I consider we are able to attempt to negotiate with al-Shabab and perceive what they need. Resolving FARC rebels in Colombia and the struggle in Afghanistan by means of negotiation has labored.

Al Jazeera: You’re contesting as the one lady within the race; what makes you completely different from different candidates? Do you assume you’ll make it given the variety of males within the race and the societal resistance to having girls lead?

Yusuf: Sure, I’ll make it, and Somali girls have potential if given an opportunity. I consider Somalia can be a peaceable and secure nation beneath girls’s management.

I’m completely different as a result of I dared to do it. I’m the chief of a political organisation and realise that no one can cease the ladies if they’re prepared to do [anything]. I need to be a job mannequin for Somali girls.

Al Jazeera: What are the challenges Somali girls face in stepping into management?

Yusuf: The challenges are many; cultural challenges encompass the ladies. Ladies are the leaders in lots of international locations worldwide, together with Tanzania; due to this fact, cultural and non secular discrimination towards girls solely occurs in Somalia.

For this nation to prosper, we should get girls in management.

Who is MBZ, the UAE’s new president? | Politics News

United Arab Emirates strongman Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan (MBZ), who was formally elected president on Saturday, has led a realignment of the Center East that created a brand new anti-Iran axis with Israel and fought a rising tide of political Islam within the area.

Working behind the scenes for years as de facto chief, Sheikh Mohammed, 61, reworked the UAE army right into a high-tech drive, which coupled with its oil wealth and enterprise hub standing, prolonged Emirati affect internationally.

Mohammed started wielding energy in a interval when his half-brother President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed, who died on Friday, suffered bouts of sickness, together with a stroke in 2014.

MBZ, as he’s recognized, was pushed by a “sure fatalistic line of considering” that Gulf Arab rulers may now not depend on their foremost supporter the US, based on former US envoy to the UAE Barbara Leaf, particularly after Washington deserted Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak through the 2011 Arab Spring.

From his energy base within the capital Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Mohammed issued a “calm and chilly” warning to then President Barack Obama to not again uprisings that would unfold and endanger Gulf dynastic rule, based on Obama’s memoir, which described MBZ because the “savviest” Gulf chief.

A US State Division official serving within the Biden administration, which has had fraught ties with the UAE in current months, described him as a strategist who brings historic perspective to discussions.

“He’ll discuss not solely in regards to the current, however return years, many years, in some instances, chatting with tendencies over time,” the official mentioned.

MBZ backed the 2013 army overthrow of Egypt’s elected Muslim Brotherhood president Mohamed Morsi, and championed Saudi Arabia’s Prince Mohammed bin Salman as he rose to energy in a 2017 palace coup, touting him as a person Washington may cope with and the one one in a position to open up the dominion.

Inspired by heat ties with the then US President Donald Trump, the 2 Gulf hawks lobbied for Washington’s most stress marketing campaign on Iran, boycotted neighbouring Qatar for supporting the Muslim Brotherhood, and launched a pricey conflict to attempt to break the grip of Yemen’s Iran-aligned Houthis.

The UAE additionally waded into conflicts from Somalia to Libya and Sudan earlier than upending many years of Arab consensus by forging ties with Israel in 2020, together with Bahrain, in US-brokered offers referred to as the Abraham Accords that drew Palestinian ire.

The accords have been pushed by shared issues over Iran but in addition perceived advantages to the UAE financial system and fatigue with a Palestinian management “that doesn’t pay attention”, mentioned one diplomat.

Tactical thinker

Whereas diplomats and analysts see the alliance with Riyadh and Washington as a pillar of UAE technique, MBZ has not hesitated to maneuver independently when pursuits or financial causes dictate.

The Ukraine disaster uncovered strains with Washington when the UAE abstained from a UN Safety Council vote condemning Russia’s invasion. As an OPEC producer, together with oil titan Riyadh, the UAE additionally rebuffed Western calls to pump extra.

Abu Dhabi has ignored different US issues by arming and backing Libya’s Khalifa Haftar in opposition to the internationally recognised authorities and fascinating with Syria’s Bashar al-Assad.

With Riyadh, the largest divergence got here when the UAE largely withdrew from Yemen because the unpopular conflict, wherein greater than 100 Emiratis died, obtained mired in army impasse.

When Sudan’s President Omar Hassan al-Bashir reneged on a promise to desert Islamist allies, Abu Dhabi orchestrated the 2019 coup in opposition to him.

Though he says he was drawn to their ideology in his youth, MBZ has framed the Muslim Brotherhood as one of many gravest threats to stability within the Center East.

Like Saudi Arabia, the UAE accuses the Brotherhood of betrayal after it sheltered members persecuted in Egypt within the Sixties, solely to see them work for change of their host nations.

“I’m an Arab, I’m a Muslim, and I pray. And within the Seventies and early Eighties I used to be one in every of them. I consider these guys have an agenda,” MBZ mentioned in a 2007 assembly with US officers, based on Wikileaks.

Educated within the UK

Educated within the UAE and the army officers’ faculty at Sandhurst within the UK, Sheikh Mohammed’s distrust of the group heightened after 2001, when two of his countrymen have been among the many 19 hijackers within the September 11 assaults on the US.

“He regarded round and noticed that lots of the youthful technology within the area have been very drawn to Osama bin Laden’s anti-Western mantra,” one other diplomat mentioned. “As he as soon as mentioned to me: ‘If they’ll do it to you, they’ll do it to us.’”

Regardless of years of enmity, MBZ selected to interact with Iran and Turkey as COVID-19 and rising financial competitors with Saudi Arabia turned focus to growth, pushing the UAE in the direction of additional liberalisation whereas retaining a lid on political dissent.

Seen as a moderniser at dwelling and a charismatic folks’s man by many diplomats, MBZ doggedly promoted the beforehand low-profile Abu Dhabi, which holds the UAE’s oil wealth, by spurring growth in vitality, infrastructure and expertise.

As deputy supreme commander of armed forces he was credited with turning the UAE army into one of the efficient within the Arab world, based on consultants who say he instituted army service to instil nationalism slightly than entitlement amongst an prosperous inhabitants.

“He doesn’t beat across the bush … he needs to know what isn’t working properly, not simply what’s working,” mentioned a supply with entry to Sheikh Mohammed.

Sheikh Mohamed bin Al Zayed elected UAE president | News


Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan was elected by the Federal Supreme Council, the state-run WAM information company says.

The UAE’s long-time de facto ruler Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan was elected as president on Saturday a day after the loss of life of former chief Sheikh Khalifa.

Sheikh Mohamed was elected by the Federal Supreme Council, the state-run WAM information company mentioned, after years of calling the pictures from behind the scenes whereas his half-brother Sheikh Khalifa was sidelined by poor well being.

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