Final week, Los Angeles hosted the Summit of the Americas amid a thorny interval between the governments of the area. Whereas long-running tensions over which international locations had been invited to attend risked overshadowing the occasion, the summit was a singular alternative for Latin American leaders to come back collectively and for President Joe Biden to fix relations with them.
The disaster induced by the COVID-19 pandemic has devastated Latin America. We as a area haven’t been in a position to measure, perceive and stop the lack of human life, however it’s estimated that Latin America has one of many highest mortality charges on this planet. By placing the affect of the pandemic entrance and centre our governments can train the management our residents want as we speak in a area that’s already probably the most unequal on this planet.
Comprised of largely middle-income international locations, Latin America’s governments have discovered themselves really caught within the center. They don’t have assets similar to these mobilised by rich international locations in response to the pandemic. However neither can they profit from worldwide assist programmes typically focused solely at low and lower-middle-income international locations.
As pharmaceutical firms have prioritised promoting doses the place they will safe the best income and with no shared strategy to advance the pursuits of the area as an entire, accessing COVID-19 vaccines has been an uphill wrestle for the continent. In consequence, greater than 200 million folks stay unvaccinated throughout the area.
A mixture of huge city populations, heavy persistent illness burden, weak well being programs, and a severely unequal international vaccine rollout has led some specialists to warn that Latin America might be probably the most weak area on this planet to the emergence of a brand new variant. This isn’t only a Latin American drawback, however an issue for everybody.
With practically all Latin American governments supporting exemption from mental property guidelines on COVID-19 vaccines, checks and coverings; and contemplating that some international locations within the area have the capability to fabricate vaccines and fashionable therapies – US authorities assist for relieving patent safety for vaccines, antiviral therapies and life-saving checks might be a game-changer.
The delayed World Commerce Group (WTO) negotiations, presently slowed down with proposals which are really worse than the established order relating to access to drugs, have led international locations to hunt their very own options. International locations like Brazil proposed a invoice to bypass mental property guidelines, however these efforts too have stalled. Over two years for the reason that look of the coronavirus, there’s a concern of repeating the identical errors of the previous. We aren’t cooperating as a area; we’re letting the income of US firms take management.
The behaviour of US pharmaceutical giants has not earned goodwill within the area. Sweeping calls for had been made from governments and help programmes in return for supplying desperately wanted supplies.
Now that lifesaving oral antiviral therapies for COVID-19 have been developed, the World Well being Group (WHO) has warned that the world is repeating the errors made within the first phases of the pandemic. Wealthy international locations are rapidly shopping for the world’s preliminary provide of those therapies, whereas low- and middle-income nations are unlikely to see any earlier than 2023.
Contracts stay shrouded in secrecy. UNICEF allegedly needed to conform to not disclose how a lot it had paid Pfizer to access doses of anti-viral therapy Paxlovid. And the corporate has been publicly condemned by the WHO for a “lack of transparency”.
After overwhelming strain from international well being activists, Pfizer and Merck have partnered with the Medicines Patent Pool to license their antiviral COVID-19 capsules to lower-income international locations. However the licences issued exclude practically all of Latin America, as does Pfizer’s latest pledge to promote a slew of medicine at a “nonprofit” worth. To make sure really equal access, American pharmaceutical firms should step up.
On the International COVID-19 summit in Might, Biden dedicated to sharing various publicly-owned coronavirus applied sciences with WHO to assist generic manufacturing efforts world wide. This was an essential assertion of his administration’s intent to handle the structural boundaries to equitable medical access. This can be a step in the suitable path. Now, governments should take the subsequent step.
That requires agreeing on a unified place that advantages the area and standing as much as the pharmaceutical giants which have repeatedly put their very own income earlier than the wants of public well being.
With assist from his friends, Biden should convey Pfizer, Moderna, and Merck to comply with in his authorities’s footsteps and share their COVID-19 applied sciences with the world. And he can be a part of the numerous Latin American governments on the WTO in supporting a full and complete waiver of all mental property guidelines referring to coronavirus vaccines, checks, and coverings.
This summit has been billed as a possibility to construct a future that’s “sustainable, resilient, and equitable”. The impact of COVID-19 in Latin America stays a menace to every of these targets.
Because the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination stated, the worldwide pandemic response has proven additional proof of racism in a “system privileging these former colonial powers to the detriment of previously colonised states”. By taking agency motion on COVID-19 fairness, our governments could make a long-overdue dent in that system.
For too lengthy, Latin America has been handled as a second-class actor in international geopolitics, and the issues that have an effect on folks’s on a regular basis lives haven’t been successfully addressed for too lengthy. The worldwide response to COVID-19 has solely exacerbated this actuality. And higher cooperation between governments within the area is an important step to make issues proper.
For his half, President Biden has the chance to revive belief together with his southern neighbours after the Summit of the Americas. However it will require concrete acts of solidarity, accountable management and goal measures that assure the area’s progress in direction of equitable access to applied sciences developed by science to face COVID-19 and different future pandemics.
The views expressed on this article are the writer’s personal and don’t essentially mirror Al Jazeera’s editorial stance.